Episode Transcript

POOL vs. PULL

#65 | 5:28

Hey, what’s up? It’s Hadar, and today we’re gonna talk about the ‘pool vs pull’ vowel pair. The tense /uw/ as in “pool” and the relaxed /u/ as in “pull” and “good”.

I’ve been asked so many times about these pairs and these vowels and for a good reason. This is such a confusing vowel pair for non-native speakers because of the spelling and because of the fact that there are very subtle differences between the two sounds. So let’s talk about the two.

First of all, listen to the two sounds: food – foot, food – foot. What are the differences? What do you hear? The first thing I can tell you is that these two sounds are different in length, right? Okay, so it’s not ‘foot’ and ‘food’, but one is definitely longer. Double the length of a very neutral single vowel – ‘fuwd’.

And the other one is super short, super relaxed – ‘fut’. Pool – pull. The tense /uw/ is a long vowel. It’s called tense because you tense up everything when you pronounce this sound. ‘puwl’. Maybe except for the eyebrows, you don’t have to tense the eyebrows. ‘puwl’.

But look at my mouth, right? The lips push forward, right? And the tongue pulls up. There’s a lot of tension there in the tongue.

But the one thing I want you to think about is when you make this sound is that you want to imagine the sound as if it comes out from the throat and then goes through a little journey inside the mouth, and then comes out through your lips as if it’s coming out through a straw.

Listen /fu(w)d/ then you push your lips forward as if you’re pushing your lips for a W sound. fu(w)d. So it doesn’t begin and end the same way it’s not ‘food’, ‘pool’, but ‘fu(w)d’. It’s like I’m starting really relaxed and then I tense up and form up the sound as I pronounce it – ‘fu(w)d’.

Then there’s that extra W at the end – ‘fu(w)d’. ‘You(w)’. It’s almost like when you’re saying ‘e(y)wwww’. Say that ‘e(y)wwww’. You hear that transition. You hear the tongue actually going up, creating that ‘ewww’ sound, alright? That’s what you want to look for when you make this sound: /food/, /you/, /who/. It’s not ‘whu’ – ‘who(w)’.

Now, the relaxed /u/ sound as in “pull” and “foot” is completely different. There is no transition here, there’s no tensity. Everything is super relaxed and chill. /cook/, /look/. All right. So my jaw drops, there is space of about one finger between the top and bottom teeth – /book/. And the lips round just a bit, if at all.

Some people don’t even round the lips for this sound. /book/ Okay but I want you to round them just a bit. /book/, /look/. Now the tongue also pulls back. But you know that I find that it’s so difficult to visualize the tongue or to imagine what the tongue is doing when it’s all the way here in the back.

So don’t think about the tongue, try to imitate the sound that you’re hearing, and also think like you have a hot potato in the back of your mouth and you don’t want it to touch anything. /book/ It’s so hot, so the upper palate rises up, and the tongue kind of like drops a bit. /look/ /cookie/ /foot/

Alright, so now let’s compare the two. /pool/ tense and long. /pull/ relaxed, open. /kook/ “He’s a kook”. And “cook”, “cook”. See it doesn’t even sound like an /u/ sound. It’s not ‘kook’ – ‘kuk’. Somewhere between ‘oo’, ‘oh’, ‘ah’, right.

“Luke” – “look”. “who’d” (short for “who would”), “who’d” – “hood”. And again: “pool” – and “pull”.

Alright, so I know it’s a tricky pair but remember, the first thing you need to do is first of all to hear those differences. So what I want you to do this week is just to listen around you to people speak on the street, on television, on YouTube. And really try to detect the difference between those two sounds, okay?

And see how it looks when people actually say them and then try to pronounce those two sounds, practice them in words, and sentences, and then try to use it when you speak. You know, when you go and buy food or fruit juice then make sure that you round your lips, and you tense up and you make the sound a little longer.

And if you’re going to a bookstore and you’re looking for a good cookbook, then make sure that your lips are not too pushed together and your jaw drops a bit, okay? Good.
And don’t forget to let me know in the comments below how is that going.

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Have a great week and I’ll see you next week in the next video. Bye.