Even Though it seems like English is completely inconsistent and there are no logical pronunciation rules, the pronunciation of the -ed suffix is pretty consistent and clear…if you know the rules.
In this lesson you’ll learn:
– What’s the 3 different pronunciations of the -ed simple past suffix
– when you should use each
– what’s the thumb rule to follow so you don’t have to analyze every word before saying it.

Here are the rules again:
the -ed simple past suffix is pronounces as

a D sound (no vowel before)
1. Before a voiced consonant as in: subscribed, signed, begged, saved.
2. Before a vowel as in: played, fried, paid.

a T sound (no vowel before)
Before a voiceless consonant as in: worked, crossed, washed, fixed.

-id (a lax /I/ sound or a Schwa before the d)
after a verb ending with a T or D sound, as in: graded, heated, succeeded, invited.

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